From Secrecy News:
INFORMATION OPERATIONS IN IRAQ - WHAT WENT WRONG?
Information operations that are designed to influence the perceptions and conduct of enemy combatants and non-combatants can be a highly effective adjunct to military force, but theywere not effectively executed by the U.S. military in Iraq, a new U.S. Army monograph reports.
Information operations can include military deception, psychological operations, operations security, and electronic warfare.
The Army monograph investigates the role of information perations in Iraq and presents recommendations for changes in doctrine, training, resources and intelligence support.
See "Information Operations in Operations Enduring Freedom andIraqi Freedom -- What Went Wrong?" by Major Joseph L. Cox, US Army School of Advanced Military Studies, Fort Leavenworth, May2006 (134 pages, 3.6 MB PDF):